CBSE Syllabus class 11

For all you Arts students as well as aspirants, find the CBSE Syllabus class 11. The various Arts subjects covered here are Geography, Economics, History, Home Science, Legal Studies, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology and Sociology.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Geography

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

Part/Unit  Topic or Chapter  Marks 
Part A. Fundamentals of Physical Geography 25
Unit-1.   Geography as a discipline.
Unit-2.   The Earth.
Unit-3.   Landforms.
Unit-4.   Climate.
Unit-5.   Water (Oceans) – O.T.B.A.
Unit-6.   Life on the Earth.
Map and Diagram. 5
Part B. India – Physical Environment 25
Unit-7.   Introduction.
Unit-8.   Physiography.
Unit-9.   Climate, vegetation and soil.
Unit-10.   Natural hazards and Disasters.
Map and Diagram. 5
Part C. Practical Work for CBSE syllabus class 11 30
Unit-1.   Fundamentals of Maps. 10
Unit-2.   Topographic and Weather Maps. 15
  Practical Record Book and Viva. 5

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline

  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
  • Branches of Geography. Physical Geography and Human Geography.
  • Scope and Career Options.

Unit-2: The Earth

  • Origin and evolution of the earth. Interior of the earth.
  • Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.

Unit-3: Landforms

  • Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
  • Landforms and their evolution.
  • Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.

Unit 4: Climate

  • Atmosphere- composition and structure;elements of weather and climate.
  • Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution. Heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection). Temperature- factors controlling temperature. Distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical. Inversion of temperature.
  • Pressure-pressure belts. Winds-planetary, seasonal and local. Air masses and fronts. Tropical and extratropical cyclones.
  • Precipitation-evaporation. Condensation-dew, frost,fog, mist and cloud. Rainfall-types and world distribution.
  • World climates-classification (Koeppen and Thornthwaite), Global warming and climatic changes.
  • Climate and Global Concerns.

Unit 5: Hydrosphere

  • Basics of Oceanography.
  • Oceans – distribution of temperature and salinity.
  • Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents. Submarine reliefs.
  • Ocean resources and pollution.

Unit 6: Biosphere

  • Biosphere – importance of plants and other organisms. Biodiversity and conservation. Ecosystem and ecological balance.

Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline or Physical or Political map of the world.

Part – B: India – Physical Environment

Unit-7: Introduction

  • Location, space relations, India’s place in the world.

Unit-8: Physiography 

  • Structure and Relief. Physiographic Divisions.
  • Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed. The Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.

Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil

  • Weather and climate – spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts; Climatic types (Koeppen).
  • Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves.
  • Soils – major types (I.C.A.R’s classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

Unit-10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management

  • Floods, Cloudbursts.
  • Droughts: types and impact.
  • Earthquakes and Tsunami.
  • Cyclones: features and impact.
  • Landslides.

Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline or Political or Physical map of India.

Part – C: Practical Work for CBSE Syllabus Class 11

Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps

  • Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.
  • Maps – types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.
  • Map projection – Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection. (only two projections)

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps

  • Study of topographic maps (1:50,000 or 1:25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.
  • Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features.
  • Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital).
  • Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Economics

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

Units  Title Marks
Part A Statistics for Economics 
1. Introduction. 13
2. Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data.
3. Statistical Tools and Interpretation. 27
Part B Part B: Indian Economic Development
4. Development Experience (1947-90) and 13
Economic Reforms since 1991. 12
5. Current Challenges facing Indian Economy. 15
6. Development Experience of India – A Comparison with Neighbours (O.T.B.A). 10
Part C Project Work for CBSE Syllabus Class 11. 10
Total 100

O.T.B.A for CBSE Syllabus Class 11

The question paper will include a Section on Open Text Based Assessment (O.T.B.A) of 10 marks from unit-6 of Part-B. From this unit, no other questions will be asked in the theory examination. The O.T.B.A will be asked only during the annual examination to be held in the March 2016. The open text material on the identified unit will be supplied to students in advance. The O.T.B.A is designed to test the analytical and higher order thinking skills of students.

Part A: Statistics for Economics

In this course, you are expected to acquire skills in collection, organisation and presentation of quantitative and qualitative information pertaining to various simple economic aspects systematically. It also intends to provide some basic statistical tools to analyse, and interpret any economic information and draw appropriate inferences. In this process, you are expected to understand the behaviour of various economic data.

Unit 1: Introduction

What is Economics?

Meaning, scope and importance of statistics in Economics.

Unit 2: Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data

Collection of data – sources of data – primary and secondary; how basic data is collected; methods of collecting data; some important sources of secondary data: Census of India and National Sample Survey Organisation.

Organisation of Data: Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution.

Presentation of Data: Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data: (i) Geometric forms (bar diagrams and pie diagrams), (ii) Frequency diagrams (histogram, polygon and ogive) and (iii) Arithmetic line graphs (time series graph).

Unit 3: Statistical Tools and Interpretation

Measures of Central Tendency – mean (simple and weighted), median and mode.

Measures of Dispersion – absolute dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviation); relative dispersion (co-efficient of quartile-deviation, co-efficient of mean deviation, co-efficient of variation); Lorenz Curve: Meaning and its application.

Correlation – meaning, scatter diagram; Measures of correlation – Karl Pearson’s method (two variables ungrouped data) Spearman’s rank correlation.

Introduction to Index Numbers – meaning, types – wholesale price index, consumer price index and index of industrial production, uses of index numbers; Inflation and index numbers.

Part B: Indian Economic Development

Unit 4: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991

A brief introduction of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence. Common goals of Five Year Plans.

Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy, etc.), industry (industrial licensing, etc.) and foreign trade.

Economic Reforms since 1991:

Need and main features – liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation. An appraisal of LPG policies.

Unit 5: Current challenges facing Indian Economy

Poverty – absolute and relative. Main programmes for poverty alleviation: A critical assessment.

Rural development: Key issues – credit and marketing – role of cooperatives. Agricultural diversification. Alternative farming – organic farming.

Human Capital Formation: How people become resource. Role of human capital in economic development. Growth of Education Sector in India.

Employment: Formal and informal, growth and other issues: Problems and policies.

Inflation: Problems and Policies.

Infrastructure: Meaning and Types. Case Studies. Energy and Health. Problems and Policies- A critical assessment.

Sustainable Economic Development: Meaning. Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment including global warming.

Unit 6: Development Experience of India

A comparison with neighbours:

India and Pakistan.

India and China.

Issues: growth, population, sectoral development and other developmental indicators.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for History

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

S.No. Units Marks
1. Introduction to World History.
Section A: Early Societies 15
2. Introduction.
3. From the beginning of time.
4. Early Cities.
Section B: Empires 20
5. Introduction.
6. An empire across three continents.
7. Central Islamic lands.
8. Nomadic Empires.
Section C: Changing Traditions 20
9. Introduction.
10. Three orders.
11. Changing cultural traditions.
12. Confrontation of cultures.
Section D: Paths to Modernization 20
13. Introduction.
14. The Industrial Revolution.
15. Displacing indigenous People.
16. Paths to modernization.
  Map work. (units 1-16) 5
Project Work. 20
 Total 100

1. Introduction to World History

Section A: Early Societies

2. Introduction

3. From the Beginning of Time

Focus: Africa, Europe till 15000 B.C.

(a) Views on the origin of human beings.

(b) Early societies.

(c) Historians’ views on present-day hunting-gathering societies.

4. Early Cities

Focus: Iraq, 3rd millennium B.C.

(a) Growth of towns.

(b) Nature of early urban societies.

(c) Historians’ Debate on uses of writing.

Section B: Empires

5. Introduction

6. An Empire across Three Continents

Focus: Roman Empire, 27 B.C. to A.D. 600.

(a) Political evolution.

(b) Economic expansion.

(c) Religion.

(d) Late Antiquity.

(e) Historians’ views on the institution of Slavery.

7. Central Islamic Lands

Focus: 7th to 12th centuries.

(a) Polity.

(b) Economy.

(c) Culture.

(d) Historians’ viewpoints on the nature of the crusades.

8. Nomadic Empires

Focus: the Mongol, 13th to 14th century.

(a) The nature of nomadism.

(b) Formation of empires.

(c) Conquests and relations with other states.

(d) Historians’ views on nomadic societies and state formation.

Section C: Changing Traditions

9. Introduction

10. Three Orders

Focus: Western Europe, 13th-16th century.

(a) Feudal society and economy.

(b) Formation of State.

(c) Church and Society.

(d) Historians’ views on decline of feudalism.

11. Changing Cultural Traditions

Focus on Europe, 14th to 17th century.

(a) New ideas, and new trends in literature and arts.

(b) Relationship with earlier ideas.

(c) The contribution of West Asia.

(d) Historians’ viewpoints on the validity of the notion ‘European Renaissance’.

12. Confrontation of Cultures

Focus on America, 15th to 18th century.

(a) European voyages of exploration.

(b) Search for gold; enslavement, raids, extermination.

(c) Indigenous people and cultures – the Arawaks, the Aztecs, the Incas.

(d) The history of displacements.

(e) Historians’ viewpoints on the slave trade.

Section D: Paths to Modernization

13. Introduction

14. The Industrial Revolution

Focus on England, 18th and 19th century.

(a) Innovations and technological change.

(b) Patterns of growth.

(c) Emergence of a working class.

(d) Historians’ viewpoints, Debate on ‘Was there an Industrial Revolution?’

15. Displacing Indigenous People

Focus on North America and Australia, 18th-20th century.

(a) European colonists in North America and Australia.

(b) Formation of white settler societies.

(c) Displacement and repression of local people.

(d) Historians’ viewpoints on the impact of European settlement on indigenous population.

16. Paths to Modernization

Focus on East Asia, late 19th and 20th century.

(a) Militarization and economic growth in Japan.

(b) China and the Communist alternative.

(c) Historians’ Debate on the meaning of modernization.

17. Map Work on Units 1-16.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Home Science

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

Unit Chapter Marks
I. Concept of Home Science and its Scope. 25
II. Human Development: Life Span Approach. (Part I)
III. Food, Nutrition, Health and Fitness. 30
IV. Family, Community and Resources.
V. Fabric and Apparel. 15
VI. Community Development and Extension (Part I).
Total Theory Marks  70 
Practical. 30

Unit I: Concept of Home Science and its Scope

(i) Evolution of the discipline of Home Science.

(ii) Five major areas.

(iii) Relevance in improving the quality of life.

Unit II: Human development: life span approach (Part I)

(i) Introduction to different stages: infancy, early childhood, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age.

(a) Infancy (birth to 2 years) :Physical – height, weight and body proportions; motor development during 0-3 months, 3-6 months, 6-9 months, 9-12 months and 1-2 years (milestones only); social and emotional development; expression of emotions, socialization; cognitive and language development.

(b) Early childhood (3- 6 years):characteristics.

(c) Childhood (7 – 11 years): behavioural problems of children and suggestive measures.

(ii) Protection from preventable diseases.

(a) Immunization – concept and types (natural and acquired), breast feeding (one of the ways to develop natural immunity). Immunization chart.

(b) Symptoms, prevention, after care and incubation period of childhood diseases: tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, polio, measles, cholera, diarrhoea and chicken pox.

(iii) Substitute care at home and outside:

(a) by Grandparents, creche or day care centres.

(b) Integrated Child Development Scheme (I.C.D.S) – objectives and functions.

(iv) Special needs and care of disadvantaged and differently abled children: socially disadvantaged, visually impaired (partial and complete), hearing impaired, orthopedically impaired (affected or missing limb).

(v) Managing Emergencies
First aid to cuts, burns, fractures, bites (snake, dog and insects), poisoning, fainting, asthma, heart attack, drowing.

Unit III: Food, Nutrition, Health and Fitness

(i) Definition of food, nutrition, health (W.H.O.) and fitness.

(ii) Functions of food:

  • Physiological (body building, energy giving, protective, regulatory).
  • Psychological.
  • Social.

(iii) Selection of food for optimum nutrition and good health:

  • Nutrients: sources, functions and deficiency and its prevention; Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats, Vitamins- Fat soluble (A, D, E, K) and water soluble (B1, B2, Niacin, Folic acid, B12 and Vitamin C), Minerals (Calcium, Iron, Zinc and Iodine).

(iv) Maximizing nutritive value of food by proper selection, preparation and storage:

(a) Selection of foods: Fruits, vegetables, egg, fish, poultry, meat, milk and milk products, spices, cereals and pulses and convenience food. Storage of foods:Perishable, semi perishable, non perishable and convenience food.

(b) Food Processing:

  • Reasons of food spoilage of food.
  • Food processing methods – Dehydration, Freezing, Use of preservatives: Natural and chemical.

(c) Preparation of food:

  • Principles.
  • Methods: boiling, steaming, pressure cooking, deep and shallow frying, baking, sautéing, roasting, grilling, solar cooking and microwave cooking.
  • Loss of nutrients and steps to minimise nutrient loss during preparation.
  • Methods of enhancing nutrient availability germination, fermentation, fortification and food combination.

Unit IV: Family and Community Resources

(i) Concept of Family and Community resources.

(ii) Types, Management and Conservation of:

  • Human / Personal Resources: knowledge, skills, time, energy, aptitude.
  • Non-human / material resources:money, goods, property.
  • Community facilities / shared resources:Schools, parks, hospitals, roads, transport, water, electricity, library, fuel and fodder.

(iii) Management:

  • Meaning and need for management.
  • Steps in management: planning, organizing, controlling, implementing and evaluation.
  • Decision making and its role in management.

(iv) Time, energy and space management:

  • Need and procedure for managing time and energy.
  • Work simplifications: Techniques for time and energy management.
  • Need and ways of space management.
  • Elements of art and principles of design.
  • Use of colours, light and accessories in space management; Prang colour wheel, dimensions of colours, classes and colour schemes.

Unit V: Fabric and Apparel

(i) Introduction to Fibre Science:

(a) Classifications of fibre.

  • Natural: cotton, silk and wool.
  • Manufactured: rayon, nylon and polyester.
  • Blends: terry cot, terry silk, terry wool.

(b) Characteristics of fibre.

(c) Suitability for use.

(ii) Fabric Construction:

(a) Yarn making: Basic procedure of making yarn.

  • Simple : Two Ply, Four Ply, Multiple and Cord.
  • Novelty: Slub, Knot, Flock, Spiral.
  • Blended yarns.

(b) Weaving:

  • Basic mechanism.
  • Concept of Looms.
  • Types of weaves: plain (basket and rib), twill, sateen and satin weave. A brief mention of special weaves: pile and jacquard weaves.
  • Effect of weaves on appearance, durability and maintenance of garment.

(c) Other methods of fabric constructions: knitting, non-woven fabrics: felting and bonding.

(iii) Fabric Finishes:

(a) Meaning and importance.

(b) Classification of finishes

  • Basic finishes: (cleaning scouring), singeing, bleaching, stiffening, calendaring and tentering.
  • Functional Finishes: Water proofing, sanforization, mercerization, moth proofing.

(iv) Dyeing and Printing.

(a) Importance of dyeing and printing.

(b) Types and sources of Dyes-natural, synthetic.

(c) Methods of Dyeing and Printing: Plain Dyeing, tie and dye, Batik printing, Block printing.

Unit VI: Community Development and Extension (Part I)

(i) Respect for girl child.

(ii) Media: Concept, Classification, Function.

(iii) Communication:

  • Concept.
  • Importance.
  • Method.
  • Types.
  • Elements.
  • Effective communicative skills.

(iv) Keeping community spaces clean.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Legal Studies

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

S.No. Units Marks
1. Theory and Nature of Political Institutions. 20
2. Nature and Sources of Law. 20
3. Historical Evolution of Indian Legal System. 20
4. Civil and Criminal Courts and Process. 20
5. Family Justice System. 20
Total 100 

Unit 1: Theory and Nature of Political Institutions

  • Concept of State/Nation.
  • Organs of Government – Legislative, Executive and Judiciary.
  • Separation of Powers – Parliamentary Sovereignty and Judicial.
  • Independence.
  • Constitutional Framework of India.

Unit 2: Nature and Sources of Law

  • Legislation – process, delegated and subordinate legislation.
  • Case Law – Stare decisis, precedents within the hierarchy of courts.
  • Authoritative Sources.
  • Custom.
  • Law Reform.

Unit 3: Historical Evolution of Indian Legal System

  • Ancient Indian Law.
  • English law in India.
  • Administration of Justice in British India.
  • Charter of 1861 and subsequent Charters.
  • Establishment of High Courts and the Federal Court.
  • Drafting of the Indian Constitution.
  • Ancient Indian Law in Modern Legal Framework.

Unit 4: Civil and Criminal Courts and Process

  • The Civil Court Structure.
  • The Criminal Court Structure.
  • The Civil Process.
  • The Criminal Process – investigation and prosecution.

Unit 5: Family Justice System

  • Institutional Framework.
  • Marriage and Divorce.
  • Children.
  • Domestic Violence.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Philosophy

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

Unit Topic  Marks 
1. Indian Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology). 20
2. Western Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology). 20
3. Principles of Reasoning (Logic). 60
Total 100

Unit 1: Indian Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology)

(i) Classification of Indian philosophical systems.

(ii) Six ways of knowing in Indian Philosophy.

(iii) Nyaya definition of perception and distinction between determinate and indeterminate perception.

(iv) Buddhist view on indeterminate perception.

(v) Nyaya view on inference (Nyaya): Vyapti, tarka, and kinds of Anumana.

(vi) Carvaka’s critique of inference.

Unit 2: Western Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology)

(vii) Rationalism: Descartes on universal and certain knowledge, Method of doubt.

(viii) Empiricism: Locke on rejection of innate ideas, origin of ideas,kinds of knowledge.

(ix) Hume – Impressions and Ideas, Kinds of knowledge, skepticism (causation, self).

(x) Kant: Synthetic a priori knowledge.

Unit 3: Principles of Reasoning (Logic)

(A) Aristotelian Logic

(xi) The nature and subject-matter of logic.

(xii) Terms, sentences, propositions, truth and validity.

(xiii) Relations between propositions – square of opposition.

(xiv) Changing sentences into their logical form.

(xv) Categorical syllogism.

(B) Symbolic Logic

(xvi) Value of use of symbols, symbolization, variable and constant.

(xvii) Truth function and truth-functional connectives, Truth Table.

(C) Inductive Reasoning

(xviii) Mill’s Methods of Experimental Inquiry.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Political Science

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

Unit Topic Marks
Part A: Indian Constitution at Work  
1. Philosophy of the Constitution. 12
2. Rights of the Indian Constitution.
3. Election and Representation. 10
4. Executive.
5. Legislature. 10
6. Judiciary.
7. Federalism. 10
8. Local Governments.
9. Constitution as a Living Document. 8
Part B: Political Theory 
10. Political Theory : An Introduction. 10
11. Freedom.
12. Equality. 10
13. Social Justice.
14. Rights. 10
15. Citizenship.
16. Nationalism. 10
17. Secularism.
18. Peace. 10
19. Development.

Part A: Indian Constitution at Work

1. Philosophy of the Constitution

The making of the Constitution, the constituent Assembly, Procedural achievements and Philosophy of the Constitution.

2. Rights in the Indian Constitution

The importance of Rights, Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution, Directive Principles of State Policy, Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.

3. Election and Representation

Elections and Democracy, Election System in India, Reservation of Constituencies, Free and Fair Elections, Electoral Reforms.

4. Legislature

Why do we need a Parliament? Two Houses of Parliament. Functions and Power of the Parliament, Legislative functions, control over Executive. Parliamentary committees. Self-regulation.

5. Executive

What is an Executive? Different Types of Executive. Parliamentary Executive in India, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. Permanent Executive: Bureaucracy.

6. Judiciary

Why do we need an Independent Judiciary? Structure of the Judiciary, Judicial Activism, Judiciary and Rights, Judiciary and Parliament.

7. Federalism

What is Federalism? Federalism in the Indian Constitution, Federalism with a strong Central Government, conflicts in India’s federal system, Special Provisions.

8. Local Governments

Why do we need Local Governments? Growth of Local Government in India, 73rd and 74th Amendments, implementation of 73rd and 74th Amendments.

9. Constitution as a Living Document

Are Constitutions static? The procedure to amend the Constitution. Why have there been so many amendments? Basic Structure and Evolution of the Constitution. Constitution as a Living Document.

Part B: Political Theory

10. Political Theory: An Introduction

What is Politics? What do we study in Political Theory? Putting Political Theory to practice. Why should we study Politial Theory?

11. Freedom

The Ideal of Freedom. What is Freedom? Why do we need constraints? Harm principle. Negative and Positive Liberty.

12. Equality

Significance of Equality. What is Equality? Various dimensions of Equality. How can we promote Equality?

13. Social Justice

What is Justice? Just Distribution. Justice as fairness. Pursuing Social Justice.

14. Rights

What are Rights? Where do Rights come from? Legal Rights and the State. Kinds of Rights. Rights and Responsibilities.

15. Citizenship

What is citizenship? Citizen and Nation, Universal Citizenship, Global Citizenship.

16. Nationalism

Nations and Nationalism, National Self-determination, Nationalism and Pluralism.

17. Secularism

What is Secularism? What is Secular State? The Western and the Indian approaches to Secularism. Criticisms and Rationale of Indian Secularism.

18. Peace

What is Peace? Can violence ever promote peace? Peace and the State. Different Approaches to the pursuit of peace. Contemporary challenges to peace.

19. Development

What is development? Criticism of the dominant. Development Model. Alternative conceptions of development.

Prescribed Books:

  1. Indian Constitution at work, Class XI- Published by NCERT.
  2. Political Theory, Class XI- Published by NCERT.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Psychology

Course Structure for CBSE syllabus class 11:

Unit Topic  Marks
I. What is Psychology? 7
II. Methods of Enquiry in Psychology. 10
III. The Bases of Human Behaviour. 8
IV. Human Development. 6
V. Sensory, Attentional and Perceptual Processes. 8
VI. Learning. 9
VII. Human Memory. 8
VIII. Thinking. 7
IX. Motivation and Emotion. 7
Total 70

Unit I: What is psychology?

  1. Introduction.
  2. What is Psychology?

(i) Consciousness.

  • Psychology as a Discipline.
  • Psychology as a Natural Science.
  • Psychology as a Social Science.

3.  Understanding Mind and Behaviour.

4. Popular Notions about the Discipline of Psychology.

5. Evolution of Psychology.

6. Development of Psychology in India.

7. Branches of Psychology.

8. Themes of Research and Applications.

9. Psychology and Other Disciplines.

10. Psychologists at Work.

11. Psychology in Everyday Life.

  • Linkages across psychological processes.

Unit II: Methods of Enquiry in Psychology

  1. Introduction.
  2. Goals of Psychological Enquiry.
    • Steps in Conducting Scientific Research.
    • Alternative Paradigms of Research.
  3. Nature of Psychological Data.
  4. Some Important Methods in Psychology.
    • Observational Method.
    • Experimental Method.
    • Co-relational Research.
    • Survey Research.
    • Psychological Testing.
    • Case Study.
  5. Analysis of Data.
    • a. Quantitative Method. Concepts and computation of the Measures of Central Tendency; Graphical Presentation of Data: Bar, Histogram, Polygon.
    • b. Qualitative Method.
  6. Limitations of Psychological Enquiry.
  7. Ethical Issues.

Unit III: The Bases of Human Behaviour

  1. Introduction.
  2. Evolutionary Perspective.
  3. Biological and Cultural Roots.
  4. Biological Basis of Behaviour.
    • Neurons.
  5. Structure and Functions of Nervous System.
  6. Endocrine System and their Relationship with Behaviour and Experience.
    • The Nervous System.
    • (i) Sleep and Wakefulness.
    • The Endocrine System.
  7. Heredity: Genes and Behaviour.
  8. Cultural Basis : Socio-Cultural Shaping of Behaviour.
    • Concept of Culture.
  9. Enculturation.
  10. Socialisation.
  11. Acculturation.
    • Globalization.
    • Diversity and Pluralism in the Indian Context.

Unit IV: Human Development

  1. Introduction.
  2. Meaning of Development.
    • Life-Span Perspective on Development.
  3. Factors Influencing Development.
  4. Context of Development.
  5. Overview of Developmental Stages.
    • Prenatal Stage.
  6. Infancy.
  7. Childhood.
  8. Challenges of Adolescence.
  9. Adulthood and Old Age.

Unit V: Sensory, Attentional, and Perceptual Processes

  1. Introduction.
  2. Knowing the world.
  3. Nature and varieties of Stimulus.
  4. Sense Modalities.
    • Visual Sensation.
    • Auditory Sensation.
  5. Attentional Processes.
    • Selective Attention.
    • Sustained Attention.
  6. Perceptual Processes.
    • Processing Approaches in Perception.
  7. The Perceiver.
  8. Principles of Perceptual Organisation.
  9. Perception of Space, Depth, and Distance.
    • Monocular Cues and Binocular Cues.
  10. Perceptual Constancies.
  11. Illusions.
  12. Socio-Cultural Influences on Perception.
    • Person Perception.

Unit VI: Learning

  1. Introduction.
  2. Nature of Learning.
  3. Paradigms of Learning.
  4. Classical Conditioning.
  5. Determinants of Classical Conditioning.
  6. Operant/Instrumental Conditioning.
    • Determinants of Operant Conditioning.
    • Key Learning Processes.
  7. Observational Learning.
  8. Cognitive Learning.
  9. Verbal Learning.
  10. Concept Learning.
  11. Skill Learning.
  12. Transfer of Learning.
    • Learning Curve.
  13. Factors Facilitating Learning.
  14. The Learner : Learning Styles.
  15. Learning Disabilities.
  16. Applications of Learning Principles.

Unit VII: Human Memory

  1. Introduction.
  2. Nature of memory.
  3. Information processing Approach : The Stage Model.
    • An alternative approach – The Information Processing Perspective.
  4. Memory Systems : Sensory, Short-term and Long-term Memories.
  5. Levels of Processing.
  6. Types of Long-term Memory.
    • Declarative and Procedural; Episodic and Semantic.
  7. Knowledge Representation and Organisation in Memory.
  8. Memory as a Constructive Process.
  9. Nature and Causes of Forgetting.
    • Forgetting due to Trace Decay, Interference and Retrieval Failure.
    • Pathologies related to Memory.
  10. Enhancing Memory.
    • Mnemonics using Images and Organisation.

Unit VIII: Thinking

  1. Introduction.
  2. Nature of Thinking.
    • Building Blocks of Thought.
  3. The Processes of Thinking.
  4. Problem Solving.
  5. Reasoning.
  6. Decision-making.
  7. Nature and Process of Creative Thinking.
    • Nature of Creative Thinking.
    • Process of Creative Thinking.
  8. Developing Creative Thinking.
    • Barriers to Creative Thinking.
    • Strategies for Creative Thinking.
  9. Thought and Language.
    • Stages of Cognitive development Introduction to the ideas of Piaget, and Vygotsky.
  10. Development of Language and Language Use.

Unit IX: Motivation and Emotion

  1. Introduction.
  2. Nature of Motivation.
  3. Types of Motives.
    • Biological Motives.
    • Psychosocial Motives.
  4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
  5. Nature of Emotions.
  6. Physiological Bases of Emotions.
  7. Cognitive Bases of Emotions.
  8. Cultural Bases of Emotions.
  9. Expression of Emotions.
    • Culture and Emotional Expression.
    • Culture and Emotional Labelling.
  10. Managing Negative Emotions.
  11. Enhancing Positive Emotions.
    • Human Existence.
    • Competence.
    • Self-efficacy.
    • Intrinsic motivation.
    • Development of positive emotions.

CBSE Syllabus Class 11 for Sociology

Course Structure for CBSE Syllabus class 11:

Unit Topic Marks
A. Introducing Sociology 34
1. Society, Sociology and relationship with other social sciences.
2. Basic Concepts.
3. Social Institutions.
4. Culture and Society.
5. Practical Sociology: Methods & Techniques.
B. Understanding Society 46
6. Structure, Process and Stratification.
7. Social Change.
8. Environment and Society.
9. Western Social Thinkers.
10. Indian Sociologists.
 Total 80

A. Introducing Sociology

Unit 1: Society and Sociology and Relationship with other Social Sciences

  • Introducing Society: Individuals and collectivities. Plural Perspectives.
  • Introducing Sociology: Emergence. Nature and Scope. Relationship to other disciplines.

Unit 2: Basic Concepts

  • Social Groups.
  • Status and Role.
  • Social Stratification.
  • Social Control.

Unit 3: Social Institutions

  • Family, Marriage and Kinship.
  • Political and Economic Institutions.
  • Religion as a Social Institution.
  • Education as a Social Institution.

Unit 4: Culture and Society

  • Culture, Values and Norms: Shared, Plural, Contested.
  • Socialization: Conformity, Conflict and the Shaping of Personality.

Unit 5: Practical in Sociology: Methods and Techniques

  • Methods: Participant Observation, Survey.
  • Tools and Techniques: Observation, Interview, Questionaire.
  • The Significance of Field Work in Sociology.

B. Understanding Society

Unit 6: Structure, Process and Stratification

  • Social Structure.
  • Social Processes: Cooperation, Competition, Conflict.
  • Social Stratification: Class, Caste, Race, Gender.

Unit 7: Social Change

  • Social Change: Types and Dimensions; Causes and Consequences.
  • Social Order: Domination, Authority and Law; Contestation, Crime and Violence.
  • Village, Town and City: Changes in Rural and Urban Society.

Unit 8: Environment and Society

  • Ecology and Society.
  • Environmental Crises and Social Responses.

Unit 9: Western Social Thinkers

  • Karl Marx on Class Conflict.
  • Emile Durkheim on Division of Labour.
  • Max Weber on Bureaucracy.

Unit 10: Indian Sociologists

  • G.S. Ghurye on Race and Caste.
  • D.P. Mukherjee on Tradition and Change.
  • A.R. Desai on the State.
  • M.N. Srinivas on the Village.

For any more information on the subjects, you could also browse the official site of C.B.S.E.

Happy Preparation!!